Augustinerkirche - The Augustinerkirche was part of the monastery of the Augustinian hermit order. There is a Gothic cloister dating back to 1366. The interior of the church is Baroque style from 1675-80. Martin Luther held a few services in this church and his friend, the reformer Friedrich Myconius, is buried here.
Boxberg Racing Course - The former race course of the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is located right at the heart of Thuringia. With its fantastic view of the Thuringian Forest and the royal town of Gotha with Friedenstein Castle, the natural race course is a popular recreation area. The magnificent Victorian-style grandstand has seen many great horse races and lends the course great charm. Boxberg is one of the longest flat race courses in Germany.
Buttermarket - The Buttermarkt (butter market) owes its name to a historical era when farmers from the surrounding area would sell meat and dairy produce here. All three market squares have buildings with historical signs representing their families or trades, as well as doorways dating back to the Baroque and Renaissance eras.
Cranach House - The Cranach House is from Baroque times. Cranach's wife was born here. By the entrance to the courtyard you two coats of arms. Cranach's is the one with the winged snake and his son-in-law's a bag. Today the building houses the pumping system for the Water art outside in the street.
Ekhof-Theater im Schloss Friedenstein - A special treasure of the castle is the Ekhof Theatre, which was established in the West Tower 1681-1687. It is the only theater in the world with still-functioning stage machinery from the 17th century. In the 18th century it had a significant actors such as Conrad and August Wilhelm Iffland Ekhof.
Ernst Wilhelm Arnoldi - The Gothaer Arnoldi (1778-1841) was a merchant and politician of commerce. He founded the first German fireinsurance bank in 1820 and later the first life insurance. Both his birth house and living house are at the Hauptmarkt. You will encounter his name all over Gotha. There is also a square named after him.
Gothardusbrunnen - At the Hauptmarkt you will find the fountain of the holy Godehard or Gotthard of Hildesheim (960-1038). The man later became bishop of Hildesheim under Kaiser Heinrich II. Gotthard became very famous from Scandinavia down to Croatia. The famous Swiss mountain pass St. Gotthard is also named after him.
Gotha Insurance Museum:
Gotha - View from Krahnberg mountain over Gotha: